Course Outlines

LL.B (5-Years) Program


LL.B Part-I

Paper Subjects Marks
I English-I 100
II Islamic Studies/Ethics 60
III Political Science-I 100
IV Sociology-I 100
V Introduction to Philosophy of Law 100
VI Brief Introduction to Arabic Language 40
Total Marks 500

LL.B Part-II

Paper Subjects Marks
I English-II 100
II Pak Studies 60
III Political Science-II 100
IV Sociology-II 100
V Introduction to Legal Systems 100
VI IT Skills 40
Total Marks 500


Paper Subjects Marks
I Islamic Jurisprudence 100
II English Jurisprudence 100
III Constitutional Law 100
IV Law of Contract 100
V Law of Tort and Easement 100
VI Criminal Law 100
Total Marks 600

LL.B Part-IV

Paper Subjects Marks
I Constitutional Law –II 100
II Equity 100
III Mercantile Law 100
IV Law of Transfer of Property 100
V Muslim Personal Law 100
VI Public International Law 100
VII Special & Local Laws 100
Total Marks 700

LL.B Part-V

Paper Subjects Marks
I Law of Civil Procedure 100
II Cr. Procedure Code and Medical Jurisprudence 100
III Law of Evidence and Ethics 100
IV Legal Drafting and Interpretation of Statues 100
V Administrative Law 100
VI Minor Act 100
VII Labour and Taxation Law 100
Total Marks 700

LL.B (3-Years Program)



  1.             History of the growth of the Muslim legal system
  2.            Sciences of Law, law and Classification of Laws
  3.            Sources of Law

a)            The Qur’an and the Traditions                    b)           Ijma and customs

  1.            Juristic Deduction

a)            Qiy’as or Analogy           b)           Istehsan or Juristic Equity

c)            Istedlal                         d)           Ijtehad and Taqlid

  1.            Acts, Rights and Obligations
  2.            Legal Capacity
  3.            Ownership and possession
  4.            Family laws
  5.            Torts and Crimes
  6.          Punishments
  7.          Procedure and Evidence
  8.          Constitutional and Administrative Law
  9.          The law regulating relation between Muslims and Non-Muslims.

Books Recommended

The following books may be added to the reading list

1.        The early development of Islamic Jurisprudence by Ahmad Hassan.

2.    ‘A History of Islamic law’ by NJ Coulson

3.    Islamic Jurisprudence by Imran Ahmad Nyazee


Course contents

1.            The Science of Jurisprudence as subject:

a)            Meanings

b)           Definition

c)            Kinds of Jurisprudence

d)           Relation of Jurisprudence with other social sciences

2.            The Nature of Law and Law

3.            The administration of Justices & State.

4.            The Source of Law

5.            Legislation

6.            Precedent

7.            Custom

8.            Legal Rights

9.            Ownership

10.          Possession

11.          Persons

12.          Titles

13.          Liability, intention and Negligence

14.          The Law of Property

15.          The Law of obligation

16.          The Law of Procedure

17.          The theory of Sovereignty, Division of Law, the territory of the State.

Books Recommended

1.               ‘Jurisprudence’ by John Salmond edited by Fritz Geraid(latest edition).

2.            ‘Jurisprudence’ by Hibbert (latest edition).

3.            ‘Jurisprudence’ by Dennis Lloyds (Steven and sonsLtd.,London).

4.            ‘Jurisprudence’ by C.W. Paton.


1-       The British Constitution            (50 Marks)

2-       The Constitution of the USA      (50 Marks)

Course Contents

The British Constitution           

a.            Principles of British Constitution

         1.              Salient features of the British Constitution

2.             Difference between constitution & constitutional Law.

  1.            Sources and nature of the British Constitution.
  2.            Separation of Powers, How for it is presented in British Constitution.
  3.            The Rule of Law.
  4.            Parliamentary Supremacy
  5.           British Constitutional Conventions
  6.           Royal Prerogatives (Crown)
  7.           British Cabinet
  8.           British Parliament
  9.          Privileges of the Parliament
  10.         Fundamental Rights for example Freedom of Person and Property.
  11.         Liberty of Expression etc.
  12.         Judiciary
  13.         Local Government.
  14.        Political parties.

Constitution of United States

1.           Brief History of Conventions leading to the passing of American Constitution

2.           Important Characteristics/Salient Features

3.     Human Rights bill – Civil Liberties

4.           Ratification of the Constitution

5.  Congress, its two Houses – Legislative procedure

6.           Senate and effectiveness of its control

7.                Separation of Powers

8.           President – His election, powers and checks on him

9.           I) Judiciary – its role in the development of constitution.

ii) Judiciary as Champion of Civil Liberties.

10.         Rigidity – Procedure of amendments.

Note: In the US Constitution please add the topic of ‘Judicia Review’ in the course contents.

Books Recommended

1. The English Constitutions by Begehot      2. Law of the Constitution, by Dicey

3. The Government of England by Lowell     4. The Govt. of USA by Munro

5. The American Political System by Brogen  6. The American Presidency by Lasaki

7. The Supreme Court of United States by Warren.

PAPER-IV             LAW OF CONTRACT          (100 MARKS)

1-      Contract Act, 1872                 60 Marks

2-    The Sales of Goods Act, 1930    20 Marks

3-     The Partnership Act, 1932       20 Marks

According to new proposal the law of Contract will now include the following:

1.            The Contract Act, 1872

2.            The Sale of Goods Act, 1930

3.            The Partnership Act, 1932.

According to the new scheme the paper will now include the partnership Act, 1932. The distribution of marks will be as under:

1.            The General Principles of Contract

2.            The Contract Act, 1872 60 Marks

3.            The Sale of Goods Act, 1930 20 Marks

4.            The Partnership Act, 1932 20 Marks

Course Contents

Contract Act:

1.            Preliminary/General Principles

2.            Formation of the contract

3.            Communication, Acceptance and Revocation of Proposals

4.            Contracts, Voidable Contracts and Void Agreements

5.            Contingent Contracts

6.            Performance of Contracts

7.            Of certain relations resembling those created by contracts

8.            The Breach of Contract and the consequences

9.            Indemnity and guarantee

10.          Bailments

11.          Agency.

Sale of Goods Act 1930

1.            General principles

2.            Formation of the Contract of sale

3.            Subject-matter of the Contract

4.            Conditions and Warranties

5.            Sale by Sample and Description

6.            Auction Sale

7.            Transfer of Property

8.            Delivery and payment of Price.

9.            Title

10.          Performance of the Contract

11.          Rights of Unpaid Seller

12.          Breach of the Contract.

The Partnership Act, 1932.

1.            General Principles of Partnership

2.            Nature and scope

3.            Difference between partnerships and other associations

4.            Rights and Duties of partners to one another

5.            Relations of Partners to third parties

6.            Incoming and outgoing Partners

7.            Dissolution of firms

8.            Registration of firms and its effects

9.            The Partnership Act of 1932.


1- Law of Torts                 80 Marks

2- Easement Act of 1882   20 Marks

Course Contents

 Law of Torts

1.            Definition of Tort

2.            Difference between Tort and Crime; Tort and Breach of Contract

3.            Essentials of Tort

4.            Personal Disabilities

5.            Discharge of Tort

6.            Exceptions of Tort

7.            Master and Servant

8.            Remedies

9.            Measurement of Damages

10.          Remoteness of Damages

11.          Defamation – Essential of Libel and Slander, Defences

12.          Negligence and contributory Negligence

13.          Nuisance; Public Nuisance and Private nuisance

14.          Malicious Prosecution

15.          Fraud and Misrepresentation

16.          Assault, Battery and malice                 17.          Wrongful imprisonment

EASEMENT ACT (V of 1882) (with commentary) as amended uptodate

Books Recommended

1.            Windfield on ‘Torts’.             2.            R.K. Kapoor on ‘Law of Tort’

.            Salmond on ‘Torts.              4.            A.M. Chaudhry on ‘Law of torts.

5. ‘          Law of Torts; by Underhill    6.   Easement Act of 1882 with commentary.

PAPER-VI        CRIMINAL LAW            (100 MARKS)

1- General Principles of Criminal Law    20 Marks

2- The Pakistan Penal Code, 1860        60 Marks

3- Hudood Laws of Pakistan                 20 Marks

Course Contents

Definition of Crime, Nature and History of Crime, cause of crime, Crime and Tort, Functions of Criminal Law, Criminal Liability, Actus reus, Mensrea, intention, knowledge, Motive, Principles of  participation, regligence, Reclesseness, Strict liability; General defences, Preliminary offences,sexual offences, Assault, Battery, Hurt, homicide, offences against property.The Law as contained in Pakistan Code & Hadood Ordinance

Books Recommended

1. Smith and Haggen on English Criminal Law

2. Cross and Jones on English Criminal Law

3. Prof. C.M. Hanif on General Principles of Criminal Law

4. M.H. Nizami on Pakistan Penal code               5. Shoukat Mahmood on Pakistan Penal Code

6. Sohail Anjum on Pakistan Penal Code

7. Dr. C.M. hanif on Pakistan Penal Code/Pakistan Penal code, 1860.

 The Pakistan penal Code, 1860 omitting the following chapters.

1. Chapter VII (offences relating to the Army, Navy and Air Force)

2. Chapter IX-A (Offences relating to Elections)

3. Chapter XII (Offences relating to Coins and governments stamps)

4. Chapter-XIII (Offences relating to Weights and measures)

5. Chapter-XIV (Offences affecting the public health, safety, convenience, decency and morals.

6. Chapter – XIII (Offences relating to documents and to trade or property marks)

Hudood Laws:Course contents As laid down in Hudood ordinances.



1-            Constitutional History of Pakistan       40 Marks

2-            Constitutional of Pakistan, 1973          60 Marks

Course contents

1. Constitutional History of Pakistan

Salient features of the Government of India Act, 1935.

Objectives Resolution

Report of the Basic Principles Committee

Salient features of the 1956 and 1962 constitutions

Legal framework order, 1970

The Interim Constitution of 1972

The PCO of 1981.

The RCO of 1985

The Eighth Amendment


1.          Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan v. Federation of Pakistan PLD 1955 Sind 96

  1.           Reference by the Governor-General PLD 11955 FC 435
  2.           State v. Dosso PLD 1958 SC 533
  3.            Usif Patel v. Crown PLD 1955 FC 387
  4.           Begum Nusrat Bhutto v. Chief of the Army Staff PLD 1977 SC 657
  1.            Hakim Khan v. Government of Pakistan Pld 1992 SC 585
  2.            Nawaz Sharif v. President of Pakistan PLD 1993 SC 473
  3.            Benazir Bhutto v. The President of Pakistan PLD 1992 SC 492
  4.            Khawaja Muhammad Sharif, PLD 1988 Lah. 725
  5.            Federal of Pakistan v. Haji Saif ullah Khan PLD 1989 SC 166
  6.             Khawaja Ahmad Tariq Rahim PLD 1992 SC 646
  7.             Benazir Bhutto v. President of Pakistan, PLD 1998 SC 388.
  8.             Asma Jilani v. Government of the Punjab PLD 1972 SC 139.

PAPER-II                           EQUITY                                              (100 MARKS)

1-            Principles of Equity Including Maxims of Equity        40 Marks

2-            Trusts Act, 1882                                                                       20 Marks

3-            The Specific Relief Act, 1877                                               40 Marks

Course contents

     History and Growth of Equity in England

Judicature Acts of 1973 and 1975

Maxims of Equity


PAPER-III      COMPANY LAW                (100 MARKS)

 Companies Ordinance 1984                                 80 Marks

 Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881                    20 Marks.

1. Companies Ordinance, 1984. All Provisions of the companies Ordinance, 1984.

  1. The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 (All Provisions of Section I-60, 82-85-A and 122-131 of the Act)

Course contents

Company Law                                          Historical background

Kinds of companies                               Difference between a company and other associations

Formation of company                        Promoters, pre-contracts

Articles and Memorandum of Association

Prospectus                                                 Membership

Capital, shares, stock, Mortgages

Management, Directors

Meeting, Resolutions

Audit and Accounts

Winding up, Kinds

Consequences of winding up and dissolution

Negotiable Instruments:

(All provisions of the Section 1-60, 82-85-A and 122-131 of the Act)


1– The Transfer of Property Act, 1882             40 Marks

2- The Registration Act, 1908                            20 Marks

3– The Succession Act, 1925                              20 Marks

4- Land Acquisition Act, 1894                          20 Marks.

Course Contents

The Detailed provisions of all the Acts as indicated above.

Books Recommended

1.            Transfer of Property Act, (Commentary) by Shaukat Mahmood

2.            Transfer of property Act, (Commentary) by Dr. C.M. Hanif

3.            Transfer of Property Act, (Commentary) by I.A. Kazi

4.            Other good Commentaries on Relevant Acts.

PAPER-V      MUSLIM PERSONAL LAW                       (100 MARKS)

Breakup and Course contents

Muslim Personal Law and Law of Inheritance, in light of the Qur’anic Verses and relevant enactments such as:-

i.             The Dissolution of Muslim marriages Act, 1939.

ii.            The Muslim Family Laws Ordinance, 1961.

iii.           West Pakistan Muslim Personal Law (Shariat)

1.         Application Act, 1962                                                                             80 Marks

1.            Dower

2.            Dissolution of Marriage

3.           Divorce

4.            Iddat

  1.            Maintenance
  2.           Parentage – Legitimacy and acknowledgement
  3.           Guardianship of Person and property
  4.           Gifts
  5.           Wakfs
  6. .     Wills
  7.        Inheritance-General Rules
  1.          Hanfi Law of Inheritance      13.          Shia Law of Inheritance

2-        The Guardian and Wards Act 1890                                                 20 Marks

                            (Section I    to   51 )

Books Recommended

1.            Outlines of Mohammadan Law by A.A. Fyzee

  1.            Islamic law Theory and Practice by Aziz Ahmad
  2.            Islamic Law by D.F. Mulla.
  3.            Studies in Muslim Law, by N.U.A. Siddiqui
  4.            Islamic law, by Syed Amir Ali                 6.            Islamic Law, by hamid Ullah

PAPER-VI     PUBLIC INTERNATIONA LAW                            (100 MARKS)

Course Contents

1.            Nature, origin and Basis of International Law

2.            Material Sources of International Law

  1.            Subjects of International Law
  2.            Relation between International and State law
  3.            States in General                                                       6.            Recognition
  4.            State Territorial Sovereignty                               8.            State Jurisdiction

9.            State Responsibility                                                10.          Succession to Rights and obligations

  1.          The State and the Individual                               12.          The State and the economic interest

13.          Diplomatic Envoys, Councils and other Representatives

14.          The Law and Practice as to Treaties                  15.          The International Disputes

16.          War, Armed Conflicts and other Hostilities    17.          Neutrality

18.          International Humanitarian Law                         19.          International Institutions

Books Recommended

1.            Principles of Public International Law by Brownie, 1.

2.            International Law by Oppenheiun, Vol.I & II Edited by H.Lauter Pacht.

3.            Introduction to International Law by J.G. Starke

4.            Law of Nations Brierly, J.L.

5.            International Law by Schwazanbinger

6.            International Law by Tandojam M.P.

7.            The Conflict of Laws by R.H. Graveson

8.            Private International law by Cheshire and North

9.            Conflict of laws by Dicey & Morris.

10.          Conflict of Laws, by Moors, J.H.G.

11.          Private International Law by Chaudhry A.M.Please include ‘International Humanitarian Law –a compilation of selected texts’ by ICRCPakistan.

PAPER-VII                SPECIAL AND LOCAL LAWS             ( 100 Marks)


1.            Land Revenue                         60 Marks

2.            Pre-Emption Laws               20 Marks

3.            Tenancy Laws                        20 Marks

Course contents

All Provisions given in the relevant Acts.

Note: Law Colleges in Punjab, Sindh, NWFP and Baluchistan may include

Land Revenue Acts, pre-Emption Act (if any) and Tenancy Act of their respective provinces


PAPER-I        LAW OF CIVIL PROCEDURE                        (100 MARKS)

All provisions of the Civil Procedure Code and Limitation Act

1-            The Civil Procedure Code-1908               80 Marks

2-            The Limitation Act 1908                          20 Marks.

Books Recommended

  1. Civil Procedure Code Commentary, by Aamer Raza A. Khan
  2.            Civil Procedure Code; Commentary, by Nizami
  3.            Civil Procedure Code; by Shaukat Mahmood
  4.            Limitation Act 1908, Commentary by A.M. Chaudhry
  5.            Limitation Act 1908, Commentary by Prof. Dr. C.M. Hanif


1-        The Criminal Procedure Code 1898      80 Marks

2-         Medical Jurisprudence                            20 Marks.

Course Contents

  1.        All provisions of Criminal Procedure code 1908 as amended up-to-date
  2.        Medical jurisprudence with reference to Autopsy and physical injuries.

Books Recommended

  1.   Criminal Procedure Code; Commentary by M.H. Nizami
  2.  Criminal Procedure Code; by Shaukat Mahmood
  3. Criminal procedure Code; Commentary by Dr. C.M. hanif
  4.  Medical Jurisprudence; by Jhala & Raja.
  5.  Medical Jurisprudence for India; by Lyon, I.B.
  6. Textbook of Medical Jurisprudence & Taxicalogy; by Modi,N.J.
  7. Texstbook of Medicial Jurisprudence & Taxilogy; Parikh
  8. Medical Jurisprudence; by Taylor, A.S.


1- Qanoon-e-Shahdat Order, 1984                                                                                   80 Marks

2- Cannon of Ethics including the Pakistan Bar Council Rules,1976 on the subject.       20 Marks

Course Contents

  1. All the provisions of Qanoon-e-Shahadat order 1984 asamended upto-date.
  2. General principles of Legal Ethics

Books Recommended

  1. Qanoon-e-Shahdat order 1984 with Commentary, by prof. Dr.C.M. hanif.
  2.    law of Evidence; by Munir.
  3.    Law of Evidence; by Best
  4.    Law of Evidence, by Phipson
  5.    Law of Evidence; by M. Mahmood
  6.    Qanoon-e-Shahadat; Dr. Siadat Ali
  7.    Qanoon-e-Shahadat; by Dr. Hamidullah
  8.    Principles of legal Thics; by prof. Dr. C.M. Hanif
  9.    Professional Ethics of the Bar, by Anand, C.L.
  10. Road to justice; by lord Denning.
  11.          A study of Legal Ethics; by Jessup, H.W.
  12.          Generalization in Singer, M.G.
  13. The legal Imagination, by White J.B.


1-        Convincing                                                                                      40 Marks

2-        Pleading                                                                                           40 Marks

3-        Law of Interpretation                                                                       20 Marks.

The paper of Conveyancing, Pleadings and Interpretation of Statutes has been renamed as above and will consist of the following:

PAPER-V        ADMINISTRATIVE LAW                                                    (100 MARKS)

1-        Administrative Law                                      60 Marks

2-        Law of Services Tribunals                            40 Marks.

Course Contents

General and basic principles of Administrative Law; basic principles of Law of Civil Services.

Books Recommended

  1.            Principles of Administrative Law; by Griffith, J.A.G.
  2.            Principles of Administrative Law; by Jain, M.P.
  3.            Principles of Administrative Law; Yasrdley, D.C.M.
  4.            Administrative Law; by Faulkes, David
  5.            Civil Services Law and Practice; by Masud-ul-Hassan
  6. Manual of Civil Services Law; by Janjua, Z.I.
  7.            Civil Service Laws; by Nisar ahmad.

PAPER-VI(iv)           Labour and Taxation Laws            (  100 Marks  )

  1. a)            Labour Laws: The Workman compensation Act, 1923. The Factories Act, 1934 The Industrial                                 Relations  ordinance, 1969.(The WP Standing orders have been replaced by the Factories Act, 1934).                                                                                                                                              60 Marks
  2. b)           Taxation Laws The Income Tax Ordinance, 1979 as amended.                40 Marks

PAPER-V(vi)                      Minor Acts.                     100 Marks

  1. The Stamp Act, 1899                                                   20 Marks
  2. The Suit Valuation Act, 1887                                      20 Marks
  3.   The Court Fees Act, 1870                                           20 Marks
  4.  The Arbitration Act, 1940                                          20 Marks
  5.  Urban Rent Restriction Ordinance, 1959               20 Marks

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